“The lovers of learning know that when philosophy gets hold of their soul, it is imprisoned in and clinging to the body, and that it is forced to examine other things through it as through a cage and not by itself, and that it wallows in every kind of ignorance. Plato expounded a form of dualism, where there is a world of ideal forms separate from the world of perception. Plato set up an academy for philosophy, and one of its pupils was Aristotle, who was born in 384 BCE. 26.3 Hobbes’ theory of the mind. ', 'Every heart sings a song, incomplete, until another heart whispers back. Platonic Dualism: Splitting the Body and Soul Plato offers the first, oldest argument that one’s physical body and soul are separate entities and that one lives on after the other has died. 1332 quotes from Plato: 'Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a harder battle. Aristotle rejected Plato’s realm of the forms, arguing that the forms are concepts devised by people to categorise things. Those who wish to sing always find a song. The most famous exposition of this is his metaphor of the Cave, where people living in a cave are only able to see flickering shadows projected on the wall of the external reality. The distinction Plato draws between the body and the soul was revolutionary in his day and is one of the earliest forms of what we now refer to as “mind–body dualism.” Dualism is the idea that mind (or soul) and body are distinct substances with distinctive natures. Hello. Dualism in Metaphysics is the belief that there are two kinds of reality: material (physical) and immaterial (spiritual).In Philosophy of Mind, Dualism is the position that mind and body are in some categorical way separate from each other, and that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical in nature.. Plato tried to resolve this problem by saying that there are two worlds. There is the ‘real’ world of the Forms, which are perfect and unchanging, and the sensible world that we all perceive around us, which is an imperfect copy of the world of forms, and insofar as the copy is imperfect so is it illusory. Plato Quotes Plato: Legacy and Influence The Athenian philosopher Plato (c.428-347 B.C.) ', and 'Wise men speak because they have something to say; fools because they have to say something.' I have an exam coming up and one of the questions is how do each of the philosophers above dualism differ from one another. At the touch of a lover, everyone becomes a poet. B: Plato's dualism was a combination of the key ideas from both Materialism and Idealism. His theory that we had both a physical body, and a soul/mind and that the soul/mind is a thinking being, complete in itself, and capable of living without the body. 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