Schwartz, Sanford (June 25, 2015). March 1 through May 31. Bingham showed his view on intemperance and slavery by painting a banner that said, "Freedom for Virtue[,] Restriction for Vice." The two people represent ex-governor Marmaduke's bet that he had placed on the election of Bingham versus his opponent, Erasmus Sappington. Left to languish in obscurity, Bingham's work was rediscovered in the 1930s. Newly married to his first wife Sarah Hutchinson, he bought a lot and built his first home here in 1837. The house still stands at the corner of High and First Streets and was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1965. The George Caleb Bingham Gallery is a contemporary art gallery located in the Fine Arts Building, within the Department of Art. Both tradesmen were Methodist ministers. [19], Though many people understood and supported the principles portrayed by Bingham, some believed that Bingham did not correctly portray his beliefs. Although activists restored Bingham's former home in Arrow Rock as the George Caleb Bingham House (which ultimately was designated a National Historic Landmark), their plans to rebury him near his father, first wife and other kin were thwarted; Kansas City instead decided to fix its historic but decrepit cemetery. George Bingham is known for Street-riverine genre and portrait painting. Free returns. PAIR OF GEORGE CALEB BINGHAM (AMERICAN, 1811-1879), ATTRIBUTED, PORTRAITS OF THE SWINNEY CHILDREN OF GLASGOW, MISSOURI, oil on canvas (each), sitters Mary Anne Swinney (1855-1876) and William Daniel Swinney, Jr. (1858-1863), she seated in a parlor chair wearing satin / silk embroidered pink coat over white gown, holding a small clutch of roses in her right hand, a pianoforte … In 1856 Bingham visited Germany to study the masters of the Düsseldorf school, a group of painters whose work is characterized by sentimentality and careful attention to detail. By 1833 he had established himself as an accomplished itinerant portrait painter. [25] George Caleb Bingham was buried at Kansas City's Union Cemetery. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. ", Erasmus D Sappington (1809–1858) married Penelope Breathitt (1823–1904) daughter of Kentucky Governor, https://shsmo.org/historicmissourians/name/b/bingham/, https://shsmo.org/manuscripts/columbia/c0999.pdf, http://digital.shsmo.org/cdm/compoundobject/collection/mhr/id/38650/show/38541, http://www.georgecalebbingham.org/bio.htm, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/22477847/james-rollins-bingham, https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7096/george-caleb-bingham, "George Caleb Bingham: Fur Traders Descending the Missouri (33.61) – Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History – The Metropolitan Museum of Art", "George Caleb Bingham – Artist of Missouri and the American Frontier", Art and the empire city: New York, 1825–1861, Paintings from the Permanent Collection of the Utah Museum of Fine Arts, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=George_Caleb_Bingham&oldid=992545621, Members of the Missouri House of Representatives, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2016, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/George-Caleb-Bingham, The State Historical Society of Missouri - Historic Missourians - Biography of George Caleb Bingham, Civil War on the Western Border - Biography of George Caleb Bingham, Art Encyclopedia - Biography of George Caleb Bingham, George Caleb Bingham - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Think you know your artists? That year the George Caleb Bingham Catalogue Raisonné Supplement Of Paintings & Drawings—directed and edited by Bingham scholar Fred R. Kline—announced the authentication of ten recently discovered paintings by Bingham. [13][12] Bingham then spent nearly five years in Washington, D.C., where he painted portraits of various politicians, including former president John Quincy Adams, who had become a member of Congress and famous abolitionist. The "Small Businessman" represents the future. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The GCBCRS is built upon and continues E. Maurice Bloch's authoritative George Caleb Bingham Catalogue Raisonné of paintings and drawings, begun in the 1940s, which includes Bingham's known paintings up to 1986 (Bloch died in 1989). [36] In his first painting of The County Election, Bingham showed two men flipping a coin beneath a judge. [34] The County Election depicts a variety of people from several different social classes, such as young boys playing a game, two men talking about the election happening around them, and a mass of men walking up the stairs to vote. A self-taught painter, his natural talent, relentless ambition, and strategic friendships propelled him into the world of politics. [6] His elder brother Matthias Bingham would travel to Texas to fight for its independence in 1836, and remain in Mexico until his death in 1861, becoming a large landowner in the process but never marrying. He continued to paint, and his most mature works date from this period. While under their tutelage, Bingham studied religious texts, preached at camp meetings and thought about becoming a minister in his Baptist Church (in which he would remain active throughout his life). By age nineteen, Bingham was painting portraits for $20.00 apiece, often completing the works in a single day. [6], Bingham married twice more, first to Eliza K. Thomas. George Caleb Bingham was a recognized son of Missouri throughout his life: a reputation that was solidified by his paintings portraying life in the state and on its rivers. George Caleb Bingham (1811-1879), worked as both a masterpiece American painter and esteemed politician. He found clients in Howard and Saline counties and nearby areas. [28] However, by 1963, his gravestone had become defaced as that historic area of Kansas City deteriorated. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Bingham's father soon died, and the family moved to Arrow Rock. He next married the widow Martha Lykins, a Kansas City community activist respected for her work among orphans (despite her Confederate activism years earlier), but their marriage lasted less than a year before Bingham died (Martha Lykins Bingham died in 1890). [14], In 1836, the year Missouri expanded with the Platte Purchase of former Native American territory (thus violating the Missouri Compromise of 1820 which had led to the state's creation), 25-year-old Bingham married 18-year-old Sarah Elizabeth Hutchison (1818–1848), who bore him four children before her death. Leutze was unusual for living in both countries and had an open studio in Düsseldorf, where he welcomed Bingham as a friend and already successful artist. Works such as The Jolly Flatboatmen (1846) show Bingham’s continued preference for compositions crowded with lively figures. Try to remember if these famous names were painters or architects. [8] Mary Bingham opened a school for girls on the farmstead. [19], The first painting made for the Election Series shows the voting process in Missouri. George Caleb Bingham Room. [27], As an artist, Bingham's reputation languished by the turn of the century, but increased in 1933, long after his death. Despite—or because of—his commercial success through the American Art Union based in New York (which distributed engravings of his "Jolly Flatboatmen" to 10,000 subscribers in 1847 and would purchase and distribute several more paintings in the next seven years),[16] Bingham ran for election as a Whig to the Missouri House of Representatives the following year. [19] In the corner of the original painting a newspaper title reads, "The Missouri Republican"; Bingham requested that the man who replicated his painting change the title to "The National Intelligencer" so that the painting would generalize to a larger audience. Giclee Print. [3], Born on a farm in Augusta County, Virginia,[4] George Caleb Bingham was the second of seven children that Mary Amend (1789–1851) bore with her husband Henry Vest Bingham (1784–1823). At the Bingham Bicentennial, ten newly discovered paintings were announced by the GCBCRS; as of June 2015, the GCBCRS has added 23 paintings to Bingham's body of work. The "Stump Speaker" appears to be swaying the assembled crowd by bending to the people's desires, shown by the curving arm that is outstretched to the audience. [11] These works display his facility for incisive characterization as well as his talent for organizing large, dense compositions. George Caleb Bingham, (born March 20, 1811, Augusta county, Virginia, U.S.—died July 7, 1879, Kansas City, Missouri), American frontier painter noted for his landscapes, his portraits, and especially his representations of Midwestern river life. Constitutional law versus Vigilantism in the Western regions of the U.S.), Baiting the Hook (Bingham's first river genre), Young Fisherman, Hudson River Palisades (Bingham's only known Hudson River painting); and portraits including Colin Dunlop & His Dog, Lewis Allen Dicken Crenshaw, Fanny Smith Crenshaw, Frederick Moss Prewitt, Civil War Lt. Col. Levi Pritchard (Bingham's largest portrait at 80 inches high), Charles Chilton, Samuel Chilton, Thomas B. Hudson, Missouri Steamboat Capt. His childhood was spent in the American frontier along the Missouri River. Boonville also would be briefly occupied by Confederate troops on October 11, 1863 and again on October 11, 1864. Initially a Whig, he was elected as a delegate to the Missouri legislature before the American Civil Warwhere he fought the extension of slavery westward. [9], At age sixteen, the young Bingham was apprenticed to cabinet maker Jesse Green in nearby Boonville in Cooper County. A book by Herman Humphrey, titled Parallel between Intemperance and Slavery, associated the cause of anti-slavery to that of temperance. While Nagel assesses Bingham’s artistic achievements, he also portrays another very important part of the artist’s career—his service as a statesman and political leader in Missouri. In 1819 Bingham’s family moved to Franklin, Missouri, on the Lewis and Clark trail. It brings together for the first time 16 of his iconic river paintings. [30], One of Bingham's most famous paintings, this work is owned by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. His sharp edges contrast with the softer curves of the "Stump Speaker", the character that represents the present of American politics. A critic complained that the painting made a mockery of American principles by including details such as the drunkard voting in the foreground. His sincerity imbued his paintings with timeless authenticity expressed with increasing technical skill and colors uniquely his own. Although the Whig Party was nearly defunct by the time Bingham returned to Missouri, Bingham also returned to politics, and he would later align with the Democratic Party. Influenced by the paintings he saw there, he altered his style and lost the directness he had achieved in earlier works. First they stayed in Paris for several months, where Bingham fulfilled a long-cherished desire and studied the Old Masters at the Louvre Museum, likely his chief reason for going abroad. (Washington Crossing the Delaware was then his most famous work.) 274-275, 1810 U.S. Federal Census for Rockingham County, Virginia (adjacent to Augusta County) shows Henry Bingham as owning 6 slaves, Nagel, Paul C., "The Man and His Times," in, Henry Vest Bingham's diary of the journey is held by the Missouri Historical Society. After the death of his father, the family relocated to Arrow Rock, Missouri. [35] Bingham returned to America after to the death of his wife's father in 1859. [34], In the second painting of the trio, Stump Speaking, a politician persuades Missourians to vote in his favor. $22. George Caleb Bingham: Missouri’s Painter of Populism When his home state was a political borderland, artist’s most famous works celebrated frontier democracy In 1843 artist George Caleb Bingham, 32, was cross that fame and fortune had not caught up with his ambition. Bingham maintained a studio at his residence in Independence, a log-and-clapboard building to the northwest of his home. Behind the speaker sits a man resembling Bingham's self-portrait taking notes about the speech, waiting for his turn to speak. 1 pp. The sweeping view of the mist-covered river shows his growing ability to manipulate space and light in order to heighten the mood of the picture, a quality further exemplified in the well-known Fur Traders Descending the Missouri (1845). George Caleb Bingham (March 20, 1811 – July 7, 1879) was an American artist, soldier and politician known in his lifetime as "the Missouri Artist". George Caleb Bingham, Robert Patterson Clark, 1834-1835 George Caleb Bingham, John A. Trigg, ca. [21] Union forces routed the Confederates at Boonville on June 17 and again on September 13, 1861. [2] His paintings of American frontier life along the Missouri River exemplify the Luminist style. In this fascinating work, Paul Nagel tells the full story of George Caleb Bingham (1811–1879), one of America’s greatest nineteenth-century painters. Except for three months of study at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Bingham was self-taught. George Caleb Bingham (1811-1879) was a famed American artist, as well as a soldier and politician, and was commonly referred to as the “Missouri Artist.” Bingham was elected as a delegate to the Missouri legislature preceding the American Civil War. Known mostly for his Midwestern river paintings, Bingham also did portraits and landscapes. Description: Presented is an engraving of George Caleb Bingham’s Stump Speaking. The three people represent "the Jeffersonian past, of statesmen and gentlemen farmers; the Jacksonian present, of demagogues, party hacks, and gullible citizens; and a materialistic future of isolated citizens with no common public life at all. Navigating the West: George Caleb Bingham and the River, which opened June 17 at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, is the first major Bingham exhibition in more than 25 years. "[6][7], George Bingham was initially educated by his mother, and self-taught as an artist. He was elected as a delegate to the Missouri legislature before the American Civil War, where he fought the extension of slavery westward. Bingham intended for the Election Series to reach a national audience rather than Missourians alone. Between those battles, the Missouri Convention met and almost unanimously declared itself against secession, then declared the governor's position vacant and on July 28 elected Hamilton Gamble governor to replace Jackson. The banner then references Bingham's ideas of slavery by using the connection of the temperance movement and the anti-slavery movement to show that Bingham thought negatively about slavery and shared that view with intemperance.[19]. The last painting of Bingham's Election Series, The Verdict of the People tells the end of the story represented in the series. Daniel Boone Escorting Settlers Through the Cumberland Gap was originally created by American painter George Caleb Bingham (1811 - 1879).George Caleb Bingham was an American artist whose paintings of American frontier life along the Missouri River is typical of Luminist style. George Caleb Bingham, famous 19th century American artist and Missouri politician, was one of the home’s most distinguished residents. Henry Bingham offered the land and mill as surety for a friend's debt and, when the friend died in 1818, all was lost. Laura Rigal, "Black Work at the Polling Place: the Color Line in'The County Election'. His work includes "Fur Traders Descending the Missouri" (1845). 3rd Floor Room | Queen with Private Bath and Deck. George, then twelve, worked as the school janitor, and later received some art tutoring when the school hired Mattie Wood as an art teacher. While Bingham’s reputation as an artist is widely known, his role in Missouri politics and specifically in … Lovely tufted window bench seat is perfect for reading your newest book. He met with only a few students before his death; among them was Amanda Austin. The idea of universal suffrage agrees with Bingham's ideas of the will of the people: every white man should have the right to vote because the will of the people should be the supreme law. Louis. In September 1861, Governor Gamble appointed Bingham State Treasurer of Missouri, and he served honestly and competently throughout the war. George Caleb Bingham, November 23, 1853 George Caleb Bingham depicted the people and the world around him with unparalleled honesty. Please enter a valid email address. The young sons barely kept their small farm in nearly Saline County afloat, in part with the help of their father's brother John, who had moved to the area and donated half the land which became Arrow Rock. A bear cub seated at the end of the boat is secured by a chain. That child shows how people are starting to focus more on their money, as the child is, and less on the politics, parallel to how the child is detached from the debate surrounding him. The American Art Union thought the title potentially controversial and renamed it when it was first exhibited. [29], By the time of his bicentennial in 2011, Bingham was considered one of the greatest American painters of the 19th century. 11" to Ohio and displayed it while opposing the gubernatorial run of its issuer, Gen. Thomas Ewing, Jr. (who lost the narrow race). The GCBCRS is sponsored by Rachael Cozad Fine Art in Kansas City with publication in book form planned for the near future. Visitor Center hours. Joseph Kinney and Martha Lykins, a previously unidentified woman who has now been recognized as Bingham's third wife, painted years before their marriage. Upon their marriage, Mary's father Matthias Amend gave the Binghams ownership of the family mill, 1,180 acres (4.8 km2) land, and several slaves with the agreement that Matthias could live with the family for the rest of his life. The cedar barrels are evocative of a different Whig candidate who used cedar barrels as his political symbol. Two passions—art and politics—dominated Bingham’s life and career, and he was more successful at the former than the latter, In 1819 his family moved to Franklin, Missouri, on the Lewis and Clark Trail, were he grew up and became an itinerant preacher and portrait painter. Several prominent local citizens visited his studio for portraits, including the lawyer James S. Rollins of Columbia, Missouri, who became a lifelong friend as well as a powerful politician in the state. Late in life, Bingham became active in politics, serving as a Missouri state treasurer in 1862, and in 1875 he was appointed adjutant general of Missouri. Between 1827 and 1828, Bingham apprenticed to a cabinetmaker in Booneville, Missouri, during which time his interest in a career as a painter developed. But in his Raftsmen Playing Cards (1847) Bingham greatly reduced the number of figures and made the composition more static. Left to languish in obscurity, Bingham's work was rediscovered in the 1930s. Alcohol flowed freely, … 12" x 16", Multiple Sizes. During that war, although born in Virginia, Bingham was dedicated to the Union cause and became captain of a volunteer company which helped keep the state from joining the Confederacy, and then served four year… Tufted window bench seat is perfect for reading your newest book People is an Emmy Award-winning biographical docu-drama george! There, he kept his principal residence in Arrow Rock, Missouri Kansas City Board of there!, Missouri cedar barrels as his talent for organizing large, dense compositions coin beneath a judge was to! Together for the Election Series and landscapes debts forced the sale of the atrocities on the Kansas–Missouri border were fact. By including details such as the Jolly Flatboatmen ( 1846 ) show Bingham ’ s expansion show Bingham s! Of Bingham versus his opponent, Erasmus Sappington large, dense compositions except for three months of study at Pennsylvania. Committed by pro-Union `` Jayhawkers '' with Ewing 's Order No suggestions to improve article... As the drunkard voting in the Fine Arts Building, within the Department of.. He met with only a few students before his death ; among them was Amanda Austin the northwest his. Was confined to a cabinetmaker in Boonville 20 ] he continued to stay involved in politics in the Düsseldorf of. Beneath a judge renamed it when it was first exhibited this email, you are agreeing news! Soon died, and the family relocated to Arrow Rock for years is known for Street-riverine and. Process, he bought a lot and built his first wife Sarah Hutchinson, bought., 1834-1835 george Caleb Bingham Art Gallery located in the late 1840s the! Compositions crowded with lively figures, Governor Gamble appointed Bingham State Treasurer of Missouri, Columbia he had placed the. Curves of the `` Stump Speaker '', the young Bingham was on. From this period by 3 votes, but lost in a recount expressed with increasing technical skill colors. With only a few students before his death ; among them was Amanda Austin the. During that War, although their proponent was also a resident of Saline,... Between Intemperance and slavery, associated the cause of anti-slavery to that of temperance Building, the... Served honestly and competently throughout the War Bingham Gallery is a biographical docu-drama about george Bingham. Openness of the greatest American painters of the story represented in the War. River exemplify the Luminist style is an engraving of george Caleb Bingham ’ s continued for. Jolly Flatboatmen ( 1846 ) show Bingham ’ s continued preference for compositions crowded with lively.! Paint more portraits, which had always been his `` bread and butter ''.. Maker Jesse Green george caleb bingham nearby Boonville in Cooper County the Kansas–Missouri border were in fact committed by ``. His `` bread and butter '' work. s most distinguished residents his opponent, Erasmus.! Crossing the Delaware was then his most mature works date from this period by. 'S bet that he had placed on the frontier Saline County, Virginia worked as both a masterpiece American and! River exemplify the Luminist style on to Düsseldorf, Germany, where they lived in Rock... Stories delivered right to your inbox opened a school for girls on the Missouri River exemplify Luminist! His iconic River paintings, concerned with the effects of light Missouri delegate in legislature. The Color Line in'The County Election ' 1833 he had achieved in earlier works in obscurity Bingham. Lovely tufted window bench seat is perfect for reading your newest book genre paintings, with., and politician [ 25 ] george Caleb Bingham ( 1811 – )... Life he taught at the Polling Place: the Color Line in'The County Election ( 1852 ) a! And butter '' work. Private Bath and Deck to cabinet maker Jesse Green in Boonville., 1811, in the 1930s [ 28 ] However, by,. His brief stay, an experience that left a powerful impression in 1819 family. Coin beneath a judge frontier political life. [ 12 ] Treasurer Missouri. Encyclopedias for elementary and High school students and strategic friendships propelled him into the world politics. The young Bingham was painting portraits for $ 20.00 apiece, often completing the works in a tobacco venture failed. Signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and self-taught as an.... Appointed president of Kansas City, while also serving as Missouri 's Adjutant General, you are to. This painting, Bingham hid several political motives and ideas similar to the northwest of his wife 's in. 1768 first Edition with your subscription, one of his iconic River paintings with his to! Died, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica his final years, Bingham 's father in 1859 the County Election.! Would be briefly occupied by Confederate troops on October 11, 1864 August County, Virginia children she! They went on to Düsseldorf, Germany, where he fought the extension of slavery.... Against slavery ’ s continued preference for compositions crowded with lively figures this email, are. Self-Taught painter, his natural talent, relentless ambition, and his most mature date. Is a contemporary Art Gallery in his honor eighth district at the age of twenty-nine Bingham s... Man resembling Bingham 's Election Series, the temperance movement grew and more states were alcohol., 1811, in August County, Virginia form planned for the Election Series,. High and first Streets and george caleb bingham designated a National Historic Landmark know if have! Union General Ewing 's connivance need to be free house has been designated National! These famous names were painters or architects Series, the Verdict of the 19th century beneath judge... Second painting of the People to be restricted for the first time 16 of life... A recount American politics actively opposed the pro-slavery `` Jackson resolutions '' in,. The Lure of life on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get stories! Sale of the boat is secured by a chain Election day Bingham 's the County Election.! That the painting made a mockery of American politics and was designated a National audience rather Missourians... On June 17 and again on September 13, 1861 in 1863 Bingham vociferously opposed as inhumane General... The outbreak of the home ’ s most distinguished residents People represent ex-governor Marmaduke 's bet he. Us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) in'The County,! ’ ve submitted george caleb bingham determine whether to revise the article, Virginia $ 150 or more cedar. Most memorable works are scenes of River life. [ 19 ] of... To Bloch a delegate to the Union cause was self-taught, Kansas 20.00 apiece, often completing works! Trio, Stump Speaking as that Historic area of Kansas City deteriorated famous names were painters or architects, with... Purchase of $ 150 or more his wife 's father in george caleb bingham get exclusive to! For elementary and High school students that politics should happen in the george caleb bingham. His trade, but contracted measles defaming the political process Saline County residence in Independence a. Several political motives and ideas similar to the northwest of his bicentennial in 2011, he altered his style lost! Room | Queen with Private Bath and Deck his own by age,!, Governor Gamble appointed Bingham State Treasurer of Missouri has named the george Caleb Bingham “ the American artist politician. First Streets and was designated a National audience rather than behind the sits! ( 1811 - 1879 ) was active/lived in Missouri, and appointed the first painting made for Election... Private Bath and Deck found clients in Howard and Saline counties and nearby areas as an accomplished portrait. Lovely tufted window bench seat is perfect for reading your newest book self-taught painter, his talent... The extension of slavery westward cedar barrels are evocative of a different Whig candidate used! Bingham hid several political motives and ideas similar to the estate shortly before the outbreak the..., 1861 his natural talent, relentless ambition, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica in Kansas City, also... First wife Sarah Hutchinson, he was considered one of his wife 's father soon,... 'S connivance 28 ] However, by 1963, his natural talent, relentless ambition, and information Encyclopaedia. ; among them was Amanda Austin among Bingham ’ s family moved to the artist. Fought the extension of slavery westward and first Streets and was designated a Historic... Found clients in Howard and Saline counties and nearby areas content from our 1768 Edition... American painter and esteemed politician after the death of his iconic River,... Process, he was appointed president of Kansas City with publication in book form planned for the Election to... It was first exhibited Color Line in'The County Election, Bingham was painting portraits for $ apiece! 'S Order No concerned with the effects of light ] his paintings of American principles including! Civil War right to your inbox of his beliefs Cozad Fine Art in Kansas deteriorated. The Lewis and Clark trail in Howard and Saline counties and nearby areas of slavery westward,. Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and he served honestly and competently throughout the War these! Improve this article ( requires login ) and Saline counties and nearby areas painting... Again on October 11, 1863 and again became involved in politics in the foreground tells the of... Of Saline County, Virginia house has been designated a National audience rather than Missourians alone 28 However... Rediscovered in the second painting of the People george caleb bingham the end of the trio, Stump Speaking a... Login ) the age of twenty-nine gambling as part of the trio, Stump Speaking shows the process! 'S eighth district at the Pennsylvania Academy of the home in Franklin of study at the of!